X-SV Female Lineage DNA Test Female Relationship in Relatives
Sample Type: EDTA Blood 3ml, One drop Blood FTA Card, Swabs, 2 uml DNA
Reporting Time: 3 working days
DNA test requires that all tested parties have their samples collected at a certified facility — such as local hospital, medical offices, Certified Diagnostic centers and health departments. When you contact DNA Labs India, a scheduling specialist will find an office near you to arrange an appointment.
One advantage of using DNA Labs India over other companies is that we have the largest network of certified facilites in India, so finding a convenient location near you is easy!
mtDNA Comparison vs. Ancestry DNA Testing: Unlike ancestry DNA tests, which give an ancient picture of your family and traces your geographical roots back several thousands of years, the comparison mtDNA test provides scientific confirmation of more recent relationships—for example, if you have identified a possible relative from genealogy resarch and want to confirm your relationship. This mtDNA comparative analysis will tell you whether or not your mtDNA sequences are consistent, or not consistent, with the conclusion that you and the possible relative(s) may be related through a common female ancestor.
mtDNA is Maternally Inherited: Both men and women have mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA); however, only women can pass their mtDNA on to their children. In a mitochondrial DNA comparison test, individuals’ mtDNA sequences are compared to see if they share certain regions of the DNA that indicate they come from the same maternal line.
The mtDNA test compares your mtDNA sequence with the Cambridge Sequence, a reference sequence of mtDNA. While most of the mtDNA sequence does not change from generation to generation, there is a variable region in the mtDNA that does change, with a mutation rate that has been determined by scientists.The illustration to the right shows a typical inheritance pattern for mtDNA.
When variations are found between your sequence and the reference sequence, these indicate how the human race branched off over the years. Through many generations, your family’s sequence variations stay intact and are passed down through maternal lines.
For example, if a female in Generation One has a specific mtDNA sequence, then all of her descendants (male or female) with a direct maternal connection to her would also have similar markers through many generations, as shown in the above illustration. This means that her sons and daughter would have the same mtDNA sequence, but only her daughter would pass this sequence on.
- The X-SV maternal lineage test is used to determine whether two or more people are related through their maternal lineage, or if male and/or female children have the same biological mother. The Mitochondrial DNA sequence variation is passed from females to their children and has a relatively infrequent mutation rate, thus it remains the same through many generations. (Males do not pass the X-SV they inherited from their mother to their children).
- This test focuses on the Mitochondrial DNA and results in a unique X-SV profile for each individual tested. It is important to note that this test will not differentiate women that are in the same maternal lineage or children with the same mother.
- For example, if a female Child “A” and her alleged half brother Child “B” (Child “B” having a different father than Child “A”) want to know if they have the same maternal biological grandmother, and they have the same X-SV profile, it is very likely that they are of the same maternal lineage. If the X-SV profiles do not match, then they neither share the same maternal biological grandmother, nor do they share the same maternal lineage.
At DNA Labs India, we are dedicated to quality DNA testing. We know that you need accurate, reliable results for such an important test, and we are committed to providing you with high quality DNA testing services. By choosing DNA Labs India, you will receive the highest quality, most conclusive results in the industry.
- AABB: The AABB is a United States-based professional body and standards organization that was founded in 1947 as the American Association of Blood Banks.
- NATA: The National Association of Testing Authorities (NATA) accreditation provides a means of determining, recognizing and promoting the competence of facilities to perform specific types of testing and provides formal recognition to competent testing facilities, thus providing a ready means for customers to identify and select reliable testing services.
- ISO 17025 is the global standard for the technical competence of calibration and testing labs
- The A2LA is the largest multi-discipline laboratory accreditation system in the United States and is recognized by Accreditation Bodies in the European Union and other International Communities.
- In light of the amendment of ISO 9001:2008, the International Accreditation Forum (IAF), the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) have issued a revised communiqué declaring that the management system requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 meet the principles of ISO 9001:2008.
- CAP: The College of American Pathologists, the principal organization of board-certified pathologists, serves and represents the interest of patients, pathologists, and the public by fostering excellence in the practice of pathology and laboratory medicine.
- Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) in 1988 establishing quality standards for all laboratory testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability and timeliness of patient test results regardless of where the test was performed.
- The International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) first started as a conference in 1977 with the aim of developing international cooperation for facilitating trade by promotion of the acceptance of accredited test and calibration results.
- FDA: Swabs and lancets are sterilized in accordance with ANSI/AMMI/ISO Guidelines and are validated as "sterile" by third party FDA registered facilities. You may have total confidence in knowing that the products used to collect your samples are in compliance with the strictest requirements in the world, ensuring your safety and personal health.
Our tests offer technical accuracy and the highest probabilities. The industrys highly accurate STR system that enables DNA typing, boasting a guarantee of 99.999% for inclusions and 100% for exclusions in DNA testing. The system is also used for forensic DNA profiling and genetic fingerprinting
The accuracy of a DNA test is dependent upon a number of factors. The main factors which affect the accuracy/power of a DNA test are as listed:
- Run each test twice, following the most stringent procedures to guarantee accurate and conclusive results.
- Complete testing in 3 working days
- Follow a strict Chain of Custody to ensure results are legally admissible.
- Maintain confidentiality of each case using strict communication protocols.
- Schedule convenient appointments close to your home or office through our comprehensive network of collection sites.
Since this is probably your first DNA test, and every situation is unique, we highly recommend you call our DNA experts to ensure you get the test thats right for you.
DNA labs India offers a private home DNA test and a legal DNA test. Both options allow clients to take a DNA test with the highest levels of confidentiality
The difference is that the legal DNA test requires DNA sample collection by a trained technician at one of our DNA sample collection centers. A home DNA test allows clients to collect their own samples in the privacy of their own homes.
In both tests, we employ several security safeguards to ensure that your information is kept private and confidential. For example, we take steps to verify each caller’s identity to ensure that they are authorized to receive any information about a case.
DNA tests initiated through DNA Labs India are private and confidential we do not provide any of your DNA information to government entities unless you direct us to do so.
For court-admissible testing, DNA Labs India arranges DNA sample collection appointments where each person being tested provides a copy of their ID (a driver’s license or recent photo). The collector makes sure each person’s samples are attached to the correct ID, and then sends the samples directly to the lab. This chain-of-custody process both proof of identity and proof of Legal Evidence to the court.
About Legal DNA Testing:
Because it is being used for court-related purposes, it is required that a certified professional must collect the samples and handling during legal DNA testing. In short, however, provided the steps below are followed exactly, the DNA test results from your legal DNA test will be admissible in court:
- One (1) certified professional must collect the samples.
- The certified professional collects the sample or observes the sample collection, according to the instructions.
- Certified professional and sample providers then complete and sign the required paperwork as indicated on the examples provided.
- Test participants must provide positive identification.*
- Test participants (or legal guardian in the case of a minor or legally incompetent adult) and Certified Professional must sign and date copies of positive identification.
- The Certified professional then packages and seals the completed legal DNA test in the provided container.
- Finally, the certified professional must seal and send, via 2nd-day courier, to DLI.
- Also, a copy of a birth announcement or certificate is required for children younger than three (3) years old at time the legal DNA testing occurs.
*Acceptable proof of positive identification for legal DNA testing includes one of the following (signed and dated):
- A recent photograph that clearly identifies legal DNA test participants.
- A clearly legible, color copy of a Military ID or Govt ID
- A clearly legible, color copy of a State Drivers License.
- A clearly legible, color copy of a State or Central Govt.
Disclaimer: Because courts and laws vary by state, DLI cannot guarantee a judge will accept the results of this legal DNA test as qualified evidence. If you complete the test, following all instructions exactly, however, and certified professional is available to testify in court regarding the administration of the test, the DNA test results should be admissible in a court of law. If you still have questions regarding the admissibility of legal DNA testing, please consult your lawyer.