What is a NIPT Test?
A non-invasive prenatal test (NIPT) is a screen that analyses this DNA in a sample of your blood to predict the chance of Down syndrome (trisomy 21), Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18) Patau syndrome (trisomy 13) and sex related chromosomes.
Sex chromosome abnormalities, such as Turner syndrome (45,X) and Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY), can also be detected. Revealing the gender in India is illegal and can land you in jail.
What is the cost of NIPT Test in India?
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|NIPT Test in Chennai||₹12000||Click Me|
|NIPT Test in Kolkata||₹12000||Click Me|
|NIPT Test in Bangalore||₹12000||Click Me|
|NIPT Test in Hyderabad||₹12000||Click Me|
|NIPT Test in Pune||₹12000||Click Me|
Who needs to get tested?
All pregnant women who need insight into their baby’s development can avail of the test, regardless of their age. Medical societies today support the use of NIPT as the first line of screening test for all pregnancies, irrespective of the risk. For physicians, it is crucial to recommend this test for pregnancies where:
- The woman is above 35 years of age.
- A high risk for abnormality is found in serum screening.
- Specific abnormalities on ultrasound are identified.
Down syndrome is a genetic condition that causes mild to serious physical and developmental problems. People with Down syndrome are born with an extra chromosome .
Chromosomes are bundles of genes, and your body relies on having just the right number of them. With Down syndrome, this extra chromosome leads to a range of issues that affect you both mentally and physically.
Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. Although it can’t be cured, doctors know more about it now than ever. If your child has it, getting the right care early on can make a big difference in helping them live a full and meaningful life.
Trisomy 18, also known as Edwards syndrome, is a condition that is caused by an error in cell division, known as meiotic disjunction.
When this happens, instead of the normal pair, an extra chromosome 18 results (a triple) in the developing baby and disrupts the normal pattern of development in significant ways that can be life-threatening, even before birth.
Patau’s Syndrome is also known as Trisomy 13. It is a chromosome-based, rare genetic disorder in which the patient has an extra copy of chromosome 13 in some or all of the cells in the body.
Normally the baby should have two copies of the chromosome but in this case, there are three. The presence of the extra chromosome causes abnormal development of the fetus, often resulting in a miscarriage or stillbirth.
Sex chromosome related Abnormalities:
Turner syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that’s found only in girls. It can cause problems ranging from short height to heart defects. Klinefelter syndrome is a congenital condition in which males are born with one or more extra X chromosomes.
XYY syndrome is a genetic condition that occurs when a male has an extra copy of the Y chromosome in each of their cells (XYY). This condition is also sometimes called Jacob’s syndrome. Triple X syndrome is a genetic condition found in females only.
How does NIPT Work?
NIPT (Noninvasive Prenatal Testing) analyzes cell-free DNA from a maternal blood sample (a mixture of fetal and maternal DNA) to screen for common chromosomal conditions including trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), trisomy 18 (Edwards syndrome), and trisomy 13 (Patau syndrome).
Initial screening with noninvasive prenatal testing can help to avoid this potentially unnecessary and invasive testing. There is no risk to mother or baby, and NIPT provides the earliest testing available.
Small amounts of a baby’s DNA passes into the bloodstream of the mother during pregnancy. New technology allows us to analyze this DNA directly from the mother’s blood and screen for chromosomal abnormalities.
Interpretation of Results:
A positive result means that it is likely that your baby will have one of the tested conditions, for example, Down syndrome or another. If the outcome of your noninvasive prenatal test is positive, you should consult with your doctor and plan another diagnostic testing to confirm this result or exclude diagnosis related to that result.
A negative result means that it is unlikely your baby will have Down syndrome or another chromosomal defect analyzed by this noninvasive prenatal test.