List Of NIPT Tests

NIPT:

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), sometimes called noninvasive prenatal screening test (NIPS), is a method of determining the risk that the fetus will be born with specific genetic abnormalities.

It has been a little over two years since noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) was introduced as part of prenatal care to screen high-risk patients for fetal aneuploidy.

NIPT (Noninvasive prenatal testing) screens for Down syndrome (trisomy 21), Edwards syndrome (trisomy 18), and Patau syndrome (trisomy 13). Sex chromosome abnormalities, such as Turner syndrome (45, X) and Klinefelter syndrome (47, XXY), can also be detected.

Down Syndrome:

Down syndrome, or trisomy 21, is a genetic condition. It is a genetic condition that occurs when there is an extra copy of a specific chromosome: chromosome 21.

Edward Syndrome:

Trisomy 18, also known as Edwards syndrome, is the second most common trisomy behind trisomy 21 Down syndrome ). It occurs in 1 in 5,000 live births and it is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome 18 and similar to Down syndrome.

Patau Syndrome:

Trisomy 13 or Patau Syndrome is a genetic disorder that your baby gets when she has an extra 13th chromosome. In other words, he/she has three copies of her chromosome 13 when he/she should have just two.

Sex Chromosome Abnormalities:

Sex chromosome abnormalities are common and cause syndromes that are associated with a range of physical and developmental problems. The most common sex chromosome aneuploidies are 45,X (Turner syndrome); 47,XXY (Klinefelter syndrome); 47,XYY (XYY syndrome); and 47,XXX.

Microdeletions:

Microdeletion syndromes are better defined than are microduplication syndromes, and the significance of many microduplications is still unclear. The reciprocal duplications of well-recognized microdeletions such as 22q11.2 and 7q11.23 have been more clearly defined in recent years.

Microdeletions include:

  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • Angelman Syndrome
  • Cri-du-chat Syndrome
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome
  • Jacobsen Syndrome
  • Langer-Giedion Syndrome
  • Wolf-Hirschhorn Syndrome

What is the difference between Illumina and Ion torrent?

Illumina amplifies individual library molecules on a solid surface to form polonies Ion Torrent uses emulsion PCR on beads. Illumina uses reversible terminated nucleotides delivered as pools of all four. Detection is via imaging. Older instruments used a distinct fluorophore on each nucleotide.

Ion Torrent uses natural nucleotides presented as pure sets of individual nucleotides. Detection is via the H+ Ion generated during nucleotide incorporation, using electronic sensors in each well of the sequencing plate.

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List of NIPT DNA Test collection centres in India is Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat, Pune, Jaipur, Visakhapatnam, Kanpur, Nagpur, Lucknow, Thane, Bhopal, Indore, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Patna, Vadodara, Ghaziabad, Ludhiana, Agra, Nashik, Faridabad, Meerut, Rajkot, Kalyan-Dombivli, Vasai-Virar, Varanasi, Srinagar, Aurangabad, Dhanbad, Amritsar, Navi, Mumbai, Allahabad, Howrah, Ranchi, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Coimbatore, Vijayawada, Jodhpur, Madurai, Raipur, Chandigarh, Guntur, Guwahati, Solapur, Hubli–Dharwad, Mysore, Tiruchirappalli, Bareilly, Moradabad, Tiruppur, Gurgaon, Aligarh, Jalandhar, Bhubaneswar, Salem, Mira-Bhayandar, Warangal, Jalgaon, Kota, Bhiwandi, Saharanpur, Gorakhpur, Bikaner, Amravati, Noida, Jamshedpur, Bhilai, Cuttack, Firozabad, Kochi, Nellore, Bhavnagar, Dehradun, Durgapur, Asansol, Rourkela, Nanded, Kolhapur, Ajmer, Akola.