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Common DNA Test queries answered

Ancestry DNA test

A DNA test can provide insights into your ethnic background, reveal your ancestral origins, and trace your lineage back several generations.

No, most DNA tests are designed to analyze genetic markers common across all ethnicities, but the results are compared against different population databases to estimate your ethnic background.

DNA ethnicity estimates are generally accurate but can vary based on the size and diversity of the reference database used by the testing company.

Yes, DNA tests can help you find unknown relatives by comparing your DNA with others in the testing database, identifying potential matches and shared ancestry.

To interpret your DNA matches, look at the amount of shared DNA and the predicted relationship. Detailed reports and family trees provided by testing services can help you understand the connections.

Centimorgans (cMs) are units of measurement for genetic linkage. They indicate the length of DNA segments shared with a match, helping to estimate the degree of relatedness.

A haplogroup is a genetic population group sharing a common ancestor. It reveals your ancient ancestral origins and migration patterns on your paternal or maternal line.

  • Autosomal DNA: Tests chromosomes inherited from both parents, useful for finding relatives and estimating ethnicity.
  • Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA): Tests the maternal line, passed from mother to offspring.
  • Y-DNA: Tests the paternal line, passed from father to son, useful for tracing direct male ancestry.
  • Parents: 50%
  • Siblings: About 50% (varies slightly due to recombination)
  • Children: 50%

The percentages represent the proportion of your DNA that matches specific ethnic groups or regions, indicating your genetic ancestry and heritage composition.

Common NIPT test Queries answerd


NIPT can detect chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome (Trisomy 21), Trisomy 13, and Trisomy 18.

  • NIPT is highly accurate, with a detection rate of over 99% for Down syndrome and slightly lower for other trisomies.


NIPT does not detect all genetic conditions and cannot identify structural abnormalities or single-gene disorders.

NIPT can be done as early as the 10th week of pregnancy.

The NIPT test involves a simple blood draw from the mother.

It typically takes about 1-2 weeks to receive NIPT results.

  • Positive Screen: Indicates a higher risk of the fetus having a specific chromosomal abnormality.
  • Negative Screen: Indicates a lower risk of the fetus having the tested abnormalities.

NIPT is not necessary for all pregnancies but is recommended for those at higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities.

Women over 35, those with a history of chromosomal abnormalities, or those with abnormal ultrasound findings should consider NIPT.

NIPT Test Cost 10,000 INR at DNA Labs India.

NIPT is a non-invasive test and poses no risk to the mother or fetus.

If NIPT results are positive, further diagnostic testing, such as amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling (CVS), is recommended to confirm the results.

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